Inca Trail Frequently Asked Questions

23 Oct

inca trail1

WHY QUECHUAS EXPEDITIONS? The Best Local Tour Operator.

Proper Porter Treatment 2015 – 2016 Very Important!!! click here

• Under Inca Trail and Alternative Treks Local Guides Management (100% Peruvian People)
• 13 years of Experience specializing in Tourism in Cusco, Peru.
• We have Many Real travelers reviews and Highly Recommended by Lonely Planet, Trip Advisor, Frommers & South American Explorer Club. (Please, Click at here Quechuas Expeditions)
So why you are Looking at the Rest when you have the Best…
• The Best Local Tour Operator in Cusco, Peru.
• Small group specialists (02 people Minimum Average 06 ppl. & 08 people Maximum) but can cater for large groups
• Official licensed Local Tour Operator on the Classic Inca Trail, Alternative Inca Treks to Machupicchu and Jungle Tours
• “we don’t pass our passengers to other cheap agencies as most travel agencies do here. they will re-sell you to other cheap companies.
• We never share service with other agencies” thats why they dont have the control of the service because they share porters(Porters overloaded) cook, transport, guide and other things once you are on the inca trail, we depart with 02 people Minimum & our Maximum 08 people (Note: Typical Group Size 4 to 6 people)
• Highly Experienced Professional Quechua, Spanish, English speaking guides
• High quality, safe, fun and environmentally friendly tours
• We Support Sustainable, Responsible & Ethical Tourism…
• Dedicated to high quality service Brand new Camping, Biking Equipment and Private Land Transportation
• Respect for culture and nature / environmental consciousness and conservation.
• We are the most reliable company in the business
PROMPERU (Peruvian Goverment Official Website)
• Responsible Tourism and Well-paid and well-treated porters (Inca Trail agencies fined for not paying minimum wage to the porters click here)
• Personal treatment, Enthusiastic, experienced and well-trained employees who speak fluent English and French
• Shared passion for travel, Payable tours
• 5% of our profit we donate and it benefits to these Quechuas communities where our inca trail porters live canacchimpa, Huarocondo.

How far in advance should we reserve our space on the Inca Trail?
We recommend that you make a reservation for the Inca Trail as far in advance as possible. From trips from October to March, we suggest booking 4 months in advance and from May to September, 6 months. In the high-season (July to August) we advise a minimum of 7 to 9 months. Government restrictions designed to protect the route limits the number of trekkers to 500 per day, including guides, porters and cooks.
If the trail is fully booked there are many alternative Inca trails(Salkantay Trek, Inca Jungle Trail, Lares Trek) that follow other Inca roads systems which can include an optional visit to Machu Picchu from Aguas Calientes.

Do I need to buy a trail permit to hike on the Inca Trail to Machu Picchu?
Yes. All who use the hiking trails in the Machu Picchu Historic Sanctuary are required to purchase a trail permit. Companies which claim to offer you a trek that does not require a permit are offering a trek which does not enter the Machu Picchu Sanctuary.

How do I buy the permit?
As part of confirming you on one of our treks, we purchase permits not only for you but for the porters and other trek crew who haul your gear and look after trek operations. In the following discussion, we use “permit” in both the singular sense (“you need a permit to trek in the park”) and in the collective sense (“we purchase a permit for 8 passengers plus trek crew”). Before we can purchase your permit, we need: your full name as it appears on your valid passport (IMPORTANT: check the passport expiry date!), your passport number, your date of birth, and gender. This information appears in the official trail documents and is checked carefully against your passport at control gates on the trail. If the information does not match, you may be refused access to the park and lose your trek.

I need to renew my passport. How can I get a permit without a valid passport?
We can purchase the permit using your expired passport number. You then must bring both the expired passport and your new passport with you on the trail, and present both documents at the checkpoints. If your passport agency does not return your original passport, then it is essential that you keep a photocopy of the ID page of the original passport, and bring that with you to Peru. If you have no passport at all, then you cannot join a trek until you obtain a passport. If your name or passport number varies from what you supplied to us for the permit application, then the park authority may deny you access to the trail. Therefore, it is essential that you supply accurate passport data, and bring this passport with you to the trek.

I noticed that I gave you an incorrect passport number when I applied to join the trek. Can you fix that?
So long as permits are available for your trek date, we can purchase a new permit with the new passport number to allow you to participate in the trek. The cost of the original permit is non-refundable. At the trek orientation you will have to pay for both the old permit and the new permit. If no more permits are available, then park authorities may refuse to grant you access to the Inca Trail if your passport number does not match that listed on the permit.

I lost my passport which I gave you to purchase the permit. I’m applying for a new one. What happens now?
So long as permits are available for your trek date, we can purchase a new permit with the new passport number to allow you to participate in the trek. The cost of the original permit is non-refundable. At the trek orientation you will have to pay for both the old permit and the new permit. If no more permits are available, then park authorities may refuse to grant you access to the Inca Trail if your passport number does not match that listed on the permit.

Is it possible to join a trekking group close to the trek departure date?
For all dates but those very early and very late in the trekking season, the answer is a resounding NO. Trekking permits sell out typically three months ahead of the trek date. The park authorities allow only 500 people to enter the park for any given day. Each person who enters that day needs to be listed on a permit, including guides, cooks, porters, and trekkers. From the end of March through the end of October, if you’re not on a roster three months prior to your trek, you’ll likely find that no permits are left. When that happens, you have two options – change your holiday dates, or trek outside the Machu Picchu Historic Sanctuary. For an excellent alternate route, we suggest our Alternative Treks(Salkantay Trek, Inca Jungle Trail, Lares Trek) ending in Machu Picchu

What about late cancellations?
Current regulations do not allow us to replace cancelled passengers with new passengers. Trek permits are non-refundable and non-transferable.

If I give you my deposit now, do you buy my permit immediately?
Not necessarily immediately, but we customarily purchase the permits within a few days of receiving your deposit.
and if you want us to act Asap (Send us Your deposit by Western Union wich is the fastest and safest way in Cusco, Peru and we can get the money in Minutes and Confirm the Trip in Minutes as well.)

Can I enter Machu Picchu ruins at night on my trek permit?
No. Night-time entry to the Machu Picchu ruins is currently prohibited by the INC (Peruvian National Institute of Culture)

If I change trek dates can I transfer my permit?
Both your trail permit and your trek deposit are non-refundable and non-transferable. To join a new trek date, we have to start the permit process all over again.

Can I make a reservation for the Inca Trail without a Passport Number?
No. We can only accept reservation with a passport-number. When you’re applying for a new passport, at the moment of making a reservation for the Inca Trail, you can send us your old passport-number and take this passport with you to Peru. If you’re old passport is not returned to you or you forget to bring your old passport with you on the trek you will not be allowed to start the Inca Trail and you will not be entitled to a refund. A photocopy of your old passport is NOT permissible; you have to bring your original old passport.

Who controls the Inca Trail availability?
The availability applies to the Inca Trail itself and not to our Agency. Any Agency you choose will have the same availability. Therefore, it is useless to contact another Agency if the date you want is not available.
A large number of available spaces does not mean at all that “there is still time”. Some agencies group their requests together and it is not unusual to see 30 spaces go away in only 5 minutes.
Availability is controlled by the Peruvian National Institute of Culture. Only they are able to manage and authorize the access to the Inca Trail.
According to the current regulations (Resolution nº 02-2003-UGM-CD), the access to the Inca Trail is limited to 500 people per day, including the personnel. For this reason, the number of available spaces on this page corresponds to spaces for trekkers, that is to say 40% of the total number (60% approximately is for the Trek personnel).
According to the same regulations, reservations can only be made up for the current season (from March to January).
The Inca Trail is closed in February for maintenance; so this month is not available.

How difficult is the hike?
The entire 4-day trail hike is 25 miles so the distances traveled each day are not terribly long. Although it is generally accepted that anyone who is accustomed to hiking and camping (i.e. walking for several hours and sleeping in tents) can hike the Inca Trail, the altitude can make hiking these distances feel about twice as difficult as hiking the same distance at sea level. For a detailed description of the hike itself, check out hiking the Classic Inca Trail.(Thats why we organize small Groups so one can walk slowly and on a natural pace, and there will be plenty of time to take breaks as well as to take pictures)

What are the guides like?
Our Quechuas Expeditions Tours guides are among the very best and most experienced guides anywhere. They are from the surrounding Cusco/ Sacred Valley area and speak fluent English, in addition to Spanish and the native language of Quechua. Most have 5-10 years of experience leading Inca trail hikes and all have training in the history, spirituality, culture, and ecology of the area. We receive rave reviews on our guides. For more information, check out our Testimonials at: Our Testimonials Most of them are highly recommended by Lonely Planet, Trip Advisor.

What is the food like on the Inca trail?
A cook accompanies every group on the Inca trail. Almost invariably, travelers comment on the delicious menu. Breakfast, lunch, dinner, and hearty snacks are provided for your hike. Meals are a mix of local specialties and international favorites. Check out our Inca Trail menu. Vegetarian meals are also available upon request. Other special dietary requests can usually be accommodated as well with sufficient notice. (You will never be hungry with us. there will be plenty of food)

How is drinking water supplied?
Although there are places to purchase bottled water occasionally along the trail, we recommend that travelers bring their own refillable bottles to limit plastic waste. Water is boiled, treated with iodine, and then filtered with one of our portable filters (Katadyn and PUR commonly used). It is available in the morning to fill your bottles and at every meal.

Which campsites do you use?
Campsites are subject to change depending upon the crowds and the season. We generally try to camp in less trafficked areas so that travelers can enjoy the natural beauty of the Inca trail and minimize environmental impacts. Our typical campsite choices are Wayllabamba, Pacaymayo and Wiñay Wayna or Phuyupatamarca. Please, Note: the first 250 spaces go to Wiñayhuayna 3rd campsite and when this is full we only get Phuyupatamarca campsite(Government allocate spaces for all tour operators) so we recommend to book well in advance.

What equipment is supplied by Quechuas Expeditions?
We supply the sleeping tents (4 season Aluminum poles tents, 2 people in each 3-people-capacity ten), dining tents, tables, chairs, toilet tents, cooking equipment, water purifiers, air Thermarest mattresses, and other camping equipment. Our outfitter purchases the highest quality equipment in Peru and older equipment is evaluated and replaced on a regular basis.

What do I need to bring for the hike?
Travelers only need to bring their own personal supplies and a sleeping bag. If you do not have a sleeping bag, these can be rented in Cusco for a reasonable rate. And if you have an extra porter a duffle bag will be provided for your belongings on the Inca trail so travelers do not need to bring a large backpack unless desired. Proper sun gear, comfortable trekking clothes, mosquito repellant, hiking shoes, a flashlight, a camera, and 1-2 refillable water bottles are recommended. Rain gear is also recommended during the wet season (December- March) and cold weather gear (warm jacket, thermals, hat and gloves) is recommended for the dry season (especially June- August). Please, we recommend to bring rain stuff Just in case. even if we are in dry season.

What do I need to carry?
We recommend that travelers carry the items that they will need each day while hiking such as water, snacks, camera and film. Porters will carry all of your other supplies including camping equipment, clothes, sleeping bags, etc. We generally ask travelers to bring only the belongings that they will need for the trail and leave any unneeded luggage at the hotel in Cusco or the Sacred Valley. To prevent porters from becoming overloaded, we ask all travelers to limit their personal belongings to 12 lbs for the hike.
and if you have an extra porter he will carry all your personal stuff and depends on the pottering service you have requested
Full Porter(12kg) Half Porter(6kg) and Porter to carry Sleeping bag and Pad(4 kg)

What if I have a medical emergency while hiking the trail?
Guides carry a first aid kit for basic medical problems (traveler’s diarrhea, cuts/ scrapes, etc.). They receive Red Cross First Aid and other emergency training every year. Our guides lead over 300 travelers along the Inca trail each year and we have rarely had a traveler unable to complete the hike. In these rare instances when someone has not felt well enough to finish the hike, he/ she has been escorted back to Cusco and generally felt well enough to re-join the group in Machu Picchu via train a few days later. Cusco has the nearest modern medical facilities so travelers with a serious medical emergency would need to be evacuated there. Guides and porters have pre-established evacuation strategies in place should this need occur.

How concerned should I be about the altitude on the hike?
Altitude affects each traveler differently and until you have visited an area with high altitude, it is impossible to predict how your body will react. For this reason, all of our hiking tours include at least 3 days at high altitude with mild activities before travelers begin hiking. This time allows your body to begin acclimatizing (though full acclimatization would take several months) and provides travelers a good indication of how they will feel on the Inca trail (as altitude symptoms are generally the worst on the first day or two at elevation). Commonly, our travelers report mild altitude symptoms such as fatigue, headache, or light-headedness during their first day or two at elevation. Hotels and our porters on the Inca trail have oxygen available for travelers feeling the effects of the elevation.
Severe altitude sickness is rare. In this case, the best treatment is to go down in elevation as soon as possible. We have never had a traveler that had to be evacuated to low altitude. Many severe cases of altitude sickness are the result of a pre-existing condition that is aggravated by the altitude. It is important to ask your doctor whether or not travel to high altitude is advised, especially if you have a pre-existing heart or lung condition such as high blood pressure, asthma, angina, etc. You might also want to ask your doctor about prescription Diamox, a diuretic that many travelers swear by to help them adjust to the altitude more readily. On the Inca trail, you will be hiking in altitudes ranging from
9,000-14,500 ft. The highest camping spot is 12,000 ft.

What about my luggage which I don’t need on the trek?
We suggest you to leave your entire luggage, which you don’t need during the trekking, behind in your hotel. Almost every hotel in Cusco has a safety deposit where you can store your luggage and do not charge for this service when you’ll return to the same hotel after your trek. But if they dont have a place we also have a place where you can leave with us. Let us know Please.

How much does the sleeping mat and sleeping bag weigh?
Sleep mat weight = 1 kg
Sleeping bag weight = 2 kg

I am on my own, will I have someone to share a tent with?
Yes another person of the same sex or if you prefer you can pay a single supplement for a tent just for you. This is US$ 30 (For the entire trek)

Should I hire an extra porter?
If you have not trekked in altitude before we would suggest your organize the extra porter. Unless you have hired an extra porter you will need to carry your own back pack, sleeping bag and the mattress and water for the day. 75% of our travelers hire the extra porter for 6kilos. If you would like to have a porter carry your things, one can be hired for US$ 75 for every 6 kilos (shared porter, each porter carries 12 Kg plus his gear) Quechuas Expeditions provide a duffle porter bag at the briefing the night before your hike. You should bring only what you absolutely need/want on the trek, and store the rest of your belongings in Cusco (see the information on our Free Luggage Storage).
Even though if you do hire a porter you will still need a day pack with you so that you can carry such items as your camera, water bottle, snacks (energy bars, dried fruits, nuts, sweets, remember glucose is a big help and imperative in the highs), sunscreen, sun-glasses, a fleece or something warm and a poncho (during the rainy season or cloudy days) and anything else you will need before lunch as the porters do not walk alongside you. You will meet up with your bag at lunch and then it will be waiting for you in your tent at the campsite.
It is best to put everything up to 15 kgs in one duffle bag if you are a couple or 2 for the porter so that you don’t have 2 large backpacks in your tent. We can provide you with a duffel bag to use. At the final lunch the staff will provide blue sacs to those who hired extra porters for transporting your belongings back to Cusco. Please return it to our main office in Cusco.
Please note that there are fines and notifications if you give an excess of 6 or 12 kgs, so try to under-pack rather than over-pack—if it is overweight at the weigh station, items will have to be removed to reduce the weight.

Extra Porter Includes:

– Entrance to the Inca Trail 42 soles
– Bus Ticket Cusco to Km 82 (20 soles)
– Food while on the Trek (30 soles)
– Salary of the Porter for the Entire 4 days (50 soles a day)200 soles total.

INCA TRAIL ALTITUDE SICKNESS

• Altitude Sickness (Soroche) Recommendations
The best way to prevent “soroche” is to make a gradual ascension. If the visitor has the time and is able to spend the first nights in the Sacred Valley, he (or she) will be less prone to suffer from altitude sickness.
It is very important that those that arrive in Cusco carry out their activities gradually. We recommend that you rest the first day, eat little and only light food, and enjoy the delicious coca leaf tea.

Part I: Prepare yourself for traveling to high elevations
Basic Concepts
At high elevations, the amount of oxygen in the atmosphere, percentage-wise, is the same as at sea level. But when barometric pressures diminish, so does the pressure of oxygen present in tissues (thereby causing Hypoxia).

This physical phenomenon explains why the quantity of oxygen molecules per breath inhaled is lower at higher elevations than it is at sea level. Faced with this type of challenge, individuals evolve acclimatization procedures that engage most of their systems: respiratory, blood & circulatory, renal, and nervous. The evolved physiological mechanisms tend to normalize the amount of oxygen in their tissues.
These pathologies can manifest themselves in people intolerant to high elevations – mainly the first week – but can be avoided by being aware of what their initial symptoms are, and stopping them from fully developing.
For there to be normal activity, an adequate supply of oxygen must first be secured. Peripheral chemoreceptors, or nerve endings, serve as sensors of the amount of oxygen that enters into the bloodstream. Nerve endings swiftly react to changes of oxygen pressure in arterial blood, and inform the nervous centers that control breathing and cardiac cycles. This information brings about a progressive increase in pulmonary ventilation, which can be observed during the first few days at high elevations (3 to 5 days). This process is called “Ventilatory Acclimatization.” Concentrations of Nor-adrenaline and Adrenaline in the blood increase. This brings about a rise in cardiac frequency, regardless of whether the individual is in repose or working out.
If the exposure to high altitudes is long enough, the first adaptation strategies – respiratory and cardiovascular adjustments – give way to less strenuous mechanisms – mainly an increased production of red blood cells – that improve the transport of oxygen from the environment into the tissues. Adaptive reactions to high elevations may cause certain disorders, however, either by the over-functioning or under-functioning of the mechanisms involved in the acclimatization to high elevations.
These disorders can and should be avoided, by following the recommendations set forth in the second part of this brochure. The time and quality of the acclimatization process varies from person to person. It has nothing to do with previous physical training, or the number of times a person has been in high elevations. If you have to travel to elevations higher than 3,500 meters (11,480 feet) above sea level and have to stay there, it’s very important to prevent the onset of two distinctive pathologies produced by high elevations: pulmonary edema or brain edema.

Medication
• Acetazolamide (NC. Diamox) – 1 tablet every 12 hours, 24 hours before the trip – Half a tablet every 12 hours until the third day in high elevations
• Paracetamol – 1 tablet every 8 hours, in case of headache.
• Ibuprofen 1 400 mg pill before the trip and in case of headaches that don’t lessen with Paracetamol, take one Ibuprofen every 12 hours after meals (it may produce stomach ache).
In case of continued altitude sickness, seek medical help. You must receive oxygen or be promptly removed to a lower elevation.

Part II: General recommendations for people traveling to high elevations

The day before your travel:
• Sleep well.
• Don’t eat foods that are hard to digest.
• Don’t drink alcoholic beverages.

The day you arrive:
• Refrain from strenuous physical activity.
• Drink at least one liter of water a day.
• Eat small quantities of food, preferably carbohydrates.
• Wear appropriate clothing to stay warm.
• Complete rest is recommended for people with altitude sickness scores higher than six points (see below).
• Don’t take sleeping pills or tranquilizers.

The second to the fourth day after your arrival
• Refrain from strenuous physical activity.
• Drink plenty of liquids, commensurate to your physical activity.
• Don’t eat foods that are hard to digest.
• Wear appropriate clothing to stay warm.
• Don’t take sleeping pills or tranquilizers.

During your first four days in high elevations refrain from any strenuous physical activity.
If you feel like you are choking or are breathing noisily, your lips and/or ears turn purple or blue (cyanosis), you have a persistent cough and your sputum is foamy or pinkish in color, you may be developing a serious pulmonary edema caused by the high altitude. If that is the case, immediately seek medical help
You need oxygen or to be promptly removed to lower elevations.
If you feel fatigue or acute weakness, feel nauseous (sometimes vomiting explosively), and have a severe headache that pain relievers won’t ease, you are probably developing a brain edema. If you don’t have a headache, but feel extremely tired and have difficulty keeping your balance, you may also be developing a brain edema. Immediately seek medical help. You need oxygen or to be promptly removed to lower elevations.

SYMPTOMS AND INDICATIONS OF ALTITUDE SICKNESS (SOROCHE)

Headache 1 point
Nausea or lack of appetite 1 point
Insomnia or difficulty sleeping 1 point
Dizziness–vertigo 1 point
Headache that pain relievers won’t ease 2 points
Vomiting 2 points
Difficulty breathing when lying down 3 points
Extreme fatigue 3 points
Lessening volume of urine 3 points
Score Intensity of Altitude Sickness
1 to 3 Light
4 to 6 Moderate
More than 6 Severe (complete rest is recommended)
Source: Pontificia Universidad Católica del Perú
Inca Trail appropriate clothing

APPROPIATE CLOTHING ALONG THE INCA TRAIL
Hiking pants and t-shirts are recommended during the day, complemented by sweaters, fleeces and waterproof jackets. It is very convenient to have light rain gear available in the day pack (rain poncho or jacket and/or rain pants) as the weather changes easily and rains can suddenly occur.
At night, warm clothing is required in the first two campsites, down jackets can be useful, otherwise a fleece and a jacket. During the third day (if sunny) and in Machu Picchu, convertible hiking pants are useful, as can be switched into shorts if necessary.
Machu Picchu has a warm climate, getting only cold at night. The rest of necessary implements are included in the “What we recommend that you bring” list.

INCA TRAIL PACKING LIST
Recommended packing list for the Inca Trail
The golden rule to enjoy the Inca Trail is to travel light and plan carefully
Leave your luggage at the hotel in Cusco and take a small Backpack, this works best. Pack as light as possible but make sure to take a complete set of supplies, but nothing extra. Some tips here:
Be critical of the quality and the proper fit of your clothing. Cotton clothing should be avoided because it dries very slowly and is a poor insulator when wet. Instead, choose wool or synthetic fabrics that “wick” the sweat and moisture away from your skin.
Sealable bags are essential. They will keep your t-shirts dry from moisture and will trap odors from your stinky socks at the end of the day. Your electronics should be in a sealable bag as well. An absolute must is a pair of good and comfortable waterproof hiking boots.
Take what you will use and nothing more. If a package of supplies contains more than a four-day supply, break it down. For example, take travel-sized toothpaste.
Everything on the list can be found in Cusco for reasonable prices. Consider buying supplies locally.
* Consult your doctor regarding prescription medication – acetazolamide – helps with altitude sickness to some degree.
We suggest keeping your personal items to a minimum weight. A good choice is to keep the total weight under 10 kg (21 pounds). Consider to hire a porter for your personal belongings if you do not want to carry them. A personal porter will take the luggage of two people (max. 18 kg / 36 pounds). We have made up the following packing list for the Inca Trail which we think fits best.

Should I be very equipped?
In general, you should only take your personal equipment. We take care of the equipment for the group. Please, visit the pages What to bring and Included in the Trek to see a complete list. We advise you to carry only the essential because every superfluous pound is a useless effort to make. So, don’t bring with you grandma’s photo or the silverware! Prefer to bring good walking shoes, enough clothes, binoculars, camera, etc. Read more about Inca Trail Supplies and packing tips

There is no special equipment need, only regular equipment but of good quality, as for any other trek in the nature.

Tops
1 poly/fleece (wind stopper) jacket
1 poly/fleece light weight sweater
1 lightweight long sleeved shirt (optional)
2-3 T-shirts
1 rain poncho (preferable) or rain jacket

Bottoms
1 pair wind/rain pants (Gore-tex or similar)
1 pair lightweight cotton pants (loose jeans/khakis)
1 lightweight fleece pants
Foot & hand wear
4 pairs wool or synthetic socks
1 pair of (used) trekking boots
1 pair of wool or fleece gloves

Headgear
1 wool or fleece hat
1 sunhat
1 pair sun glasses that provide good UV protection

Miscellaneous
1 sleeping bag (rated to -11 C / 12 F)
1 good (day) backpack
2 walking poles
1 headlamp (preferable) or torch
1 pocket knife
1 water bottle
Water sterilizing tablets (Micropur)
Note: bottled water for sale at several parts of the trek; consult your guide at the briefing
Sun block
1 lip balm (spf 16)
Insect repellent
Towel and soap
Toiletry kit
Toilet paper
Personal medicines

Optional:
Camera and extra memory cards
Spare battery for your camera
Binoculars
Bathing suit (for the hot springs in Aguas Calientes)
Hot showers in Wiñayhuayna (US $ 2.00)
Sleeping bag
Porter for your personal equipment

INCA TRAIL PHYSICAL CONDITIONS

• How fit you need to be to enjoy the Inca Trail?
To trek is important to be relatively fit and in good physical condition before you start the Inca Trail. A few weeks of training, prior to arriving in Peru, will enhance your experience.
Try to spend an hour a day on the road. Walk upstairs rather than taking the elevator, if possible, walk or cycle when you would normally drive or ride a bus, take the dog for a walk around the neighborhood. Better yet, go on hikes in your area.
Being able to run a few miles each day without issues is probably the best single physical activity you should consider. Other advice we heard was to spend time on the stepper; we can’t argue with that.
While you are training you can also be breaking in those new trekking boots that may otherwise give you blisters on the first day of the trail.
Arriving in Cusco a few days early is also highly recommended. High altitudes affect everybody in different ways, even a marathon runner may feel debilitated. When in Cusco, go visit some ruins in the surroundings, have a little jog, you will probably notice heavy breathing. This is due to the thin air at altitude, not your lack of fitness.
After a day or two of acclimatization, you’ll learn how much food your body can handle in a day, whether coca tea helps, or if acetazolamide is appropriate.
Difficulty degree of this hike: Moderate/Challenging due to the altitude: we recommend a period of at least 2 days for acclimatization in Cusco or over 3000m/9840ft.

Who is able to do the Inca Trail?
In general, we recommend being in a good shape, without being athletic. Walks are made in a low rhythm and in small groups, so you can stop to take a break for a moment. Don’t forget that this Trek goes up to 4200 meters of altitude. That’s why we do not recommend it to people with respiratory, circulatory or cardiac problems. In any case, only your doctor will tell you if you are able or not to do the Trek. We recommend you to see a physician if you have any doubts.

INCA TRAIL REGULATIONS
• Inca Trail Government Regulations

In an effort to preserve and protect the Inca Trail to Machu Picchu, the Peruvian governing bodies have taken drastic measures in the past 2 years to limit the amount of people hiking the Trail. As of March 2004, no more than 500 people (including support staff) per day are allowed on the Inca Trail and this number is strictly adhered to.
Authorization requests to entry the Inca Trail Network of the Historic Sanctuary of Machu Picchu must be made on the name of the person and with appropriate documents and paying first 100% of the corresponding fee, depending strictly on established capacity of load. These requests can be made up to 48 hours prior to the date of entry.
The payment of the entrance fee to the Inca Trail Network shall be made only in the city of Cusco, at the Treasury office of the Culture Regional Direction in Cusco – INC. For any reason the payment for the entrance fee will be accepted at registry and control points of the Inca Trail Network.
The availability applies to the Inca Trail itself and not to our Agency. Any Agency you choose will have the same availability. Therefore, it is useless to contact another Agency if the date you want is not available.

Restrictions of the tourist use of the Inca Trail Network
For ecological recovery reasons, the tourist use of the Inca Trail Network is forbidden in February every year, for the roads 1, 2 and 3, indicated on the annex E of the present regulation.

For preservation or restoration purposes, some restriction or closing periods of the Inca Trail Network will be established. In this case, the UGM will inform the visitors thirty (30) working days in advance.
Exceptionally, only in high risk situations, fortuitous or force major cases, the access to the site will be closed or restricted without prior notice. In this case, the Direction will inform visitors about the situation.

Duration of the stay for tourist use
Once inside the Inca Trail Network, the visitor shall not exceed the stay on the established road for more time than indicated on the entrance ticket, except in fortuitous or force major duly proved cases.

The stay on the site runs from the moment the visitor registers his entrance into the Inca Trail Network, at the control and surveillance point of the HSM.

User’s identification
It mandatory that all users of the Inca Trail Network identify themselves with their original ID documents and that they register their entry at the registry and control point of the INRENA (SERNANP from 2009) or the INC.

Banning of circulation and night use of the Inca Trail Network
It is forbidden to circulate inside the Inca Trail Network between 19:00 and 05:30, except in fortuitous or force major duly proved cases.

Mandatory minimum equipment
• Backpacks
• Sleeping bags
• Isolators or Mattress
• Tents
• Water bottle
• First aid kit
• Oxygen bottle
• Propane gas portable stove
• Non elastic rescue cords (09 mm of diameter)
• Portable communication VHF radio equipment adjusted on the INRENA and INC frequency, only in case of emergency
• Location maps of the Inca Trail Network
• Filters for water
• Plastic filters for raw water sediments
• Appropriate containers for solid waste disposal (green and red bags)
• Portable chemical toilets
• Authorized guides should carry this equipment.

Equipment for the Assistance crew
• Group tents.
• Rain coats and thick plastic protection for tents.
• Plastic filter do avoid contamination of water sources with organic waste while washing dishes.
First aid kit (mandatory for Travel agencies and Tourist guides)
• Disinfectants (Methyl alcohol, oxygen water, iodine, soap, germicides)
• Cotton, gauze, bandages and medical tapes.
• Bronco dilatators
• Muscle and stomach analgesics
• Antipyretics
• Antiallergenic
• Ophthalmic liquid
• Creams for solar exposure relief and other medications for burns relief
• Extremities immobilizer
• Small oxygen bottle
• Pressure meter and thermometer

Forbidden elements inside the Inca Trail Network
• Fire or pump weapons, bows and arrows, hunting and fishing gear, axes, mountains knifes, pickaxes, shovels or other tools.
• Any kind of trap used to capture fauna specimens.
• Fossil fuels, such as: kerosene, diesel oil, gasoline.
• Stimulants, psychotropic, and other drugs not allowed by the current national legislation.
• Sound equipments and other noise generators.
• Domestic animals and exotic species.
• Walking sticks with metallic point without a rubber protection or sticks made of local native wood.
• Bottles, plastic containers and disposable glasses.

Solid waste
Travel agencies, Tourist guides and assistance crew must separate solid waste generated during their stay in the Inca Trail Network in organic and non organic waste and take it out the HSM. Last Control point (km 107)

CURRENT INCA TRAIL REGULATIONS
As stated above, no more than 500 people per day are allowed to start the Inca Trail trek at km. 82. This number includes all support staff (ie. porters, cooks and guides) and is very tightly controlled. Once this limit of 500 people is reached, the Trail is effectively closed off for the day and no further bookings can be made. Reservations are not held on the Trail and all permits to trek must be bought as far as possible in advance with complete and correct passport information, to which no modifications can be made. Any attempts at modifications result in a loss of the permit and any money paid.

Source: The complete regulation is available in Spanish on the INC Website http://www.machupicchu.gob.pe/

A detailed account of the Inca Trail regulations can be found below:

1. Inca Trail entrance fees / Trek permits: As from January 2010 the entrance fee for the 4 day Inca Trail is 252 Peruvian Soles (about US$ 90) students and children under 15 years old receive a US$20 discount. Trekking companies also have to buy a trek permit for each one of the porters in the group (42 Peruvian Soles, about US$ 15 per porter). The entrance fee for the shorter Inca trail trek costs 146 Peruvian Soles (about US$ 52 for adults). Students and children under 15 years old pay 84 Peruvian Soles (about US$ 30).

2. Student discounts: Students with a valid International Student Identity Card (ISIC) receive a US$20 discount on the price of the entrance fee but you must inform the tour operator at the time of making your reservation and bring the card with you on the Inca Trail. No other forms of student identity are acceptable i.e. letters from college, international youth identity cards etc. The tour operator will purchase a student trek permit for you (clearly marked only for students). At the start of the Inca Trail your permit will be checked and you will be asked to show your ISIC card and passport. If the card is not valid or you forget to take your card then there is a very high possibility that you will not be allowed to start the trek. This can cause major disappointment and also delay entry of the rest of the group to the trail. In the past you could just pay an additional fee for a standard trek permit.

3. Restricted numbers of trekkers: Over the last five years Peru has become a more popular travel destination especially since Machu Picchu became one of the 7 new wonders of the World.. There are many great treks throughout Peru but the Inca Trail is the most well known. During the peak season of 2000 many campsites became crowded and the trail became littered with rubbish. In early 2001 the Government proposed to reduce the number of people on the trail to 500 per day. This figure roughly comprises 200 tourists and 300 trekking staff (guides, cooks and porters).
In 2002 and 2003 the government tried to enforce the 500 limit but, due to many complaints by the local tour operators, they gave into pressure during the busy months of July and August and allowed an extra 200 persons. Since 2004 the government has strictly enforced the 500 limit, and many trekkers were disappointed that there were no spaces available.

4. Making an Inca Trail trek booking: Since only 500 trek permits are issued per day for the Inca Trail (trek permits are also required for the porters and cooks) it is important to try to make a trek reservation as far ahead as possible. There is no clear rule as to how far ahead is enough to guarantee you a space since this depends on demand. As a guide, however, we recommend the following:

• December, January, March: 2 months in advance, 3 or 4 months in advance for departures around Christmas
• April, October, November: 3 months in advance, 4 months in advance around Easter
• May, September: 4-5 months in advance
• June, July, August: 5-6 months in advance

5. Maximum Group Size: The maximum allowable group size is 16 persons. For groups larger than 8 persons there must be 2 guides. (On the shorter 2 day trek there must be 2 guides for groups larger than 07 persons)
By the way Quechuas Expeditions Organize small group no over 08 people.(02 ppl Minimum and 04-06 average and 08 people Maximum)

6. Porters Working Conditions: In April 2002 a new law was introduced to set a minimum wage for all porters on the Inca Trail. This has followed years of exploitation. This wage is 45 Peruvian Soles per day which is about US$ 16. It may not seem a lot but wages are all relative to livings costs and compared to other professions 45 Soles is quite well paid. Even though the law exists it is not being enforced and many companies are still paying their porters as low as US$ 5 per day. In 2002 the maximum weight that a porter can carry was limited to 20kg (15kg load + 5kg personal items). All porters have their weight checked by government officials at the start of the trail. However even this system is open to abuse and many tour operators get their guides and assistants to carry large loads across the checkpoint where they are dropped and left for the porters to pick up. Many trekkers who have hired an extra porter are also asked to carry their bags across the checkpoint to be given to the porters after they have been weighed. (and Many Travel agencies are sharing porters once they are on the Inca trail that’s why most of the are overloaded and there are agencies that include porter service on their prices because they don’t care they only want to sell Inca Trail)So even with the new regulations and a weigh-station at the beginning of the trail it is still possible to see porters carry loads of up to 35kg or more.

7. Inca Trail Closure during the month of February: The route of the classic 4-day Inca Trail will be closed each year during the month of February to allow conservation projects to be undertaken as well as giving the vegetation a chance to recover. This is a good month to close the trail since it is also the wettest month of the year. Machu Picchu and the shorter 2-day trail will remain open as usual.

8. Licensed trek operators: The INC (Institute of National Culture) is the regulatory body responsible for controlling access to Machu Picchu and the Inca Trail. In order to operate the Inca Trail companies must meet certain basic requirements proving that they have professional guides and good camping equipment, radio communications and emergency first aid including oxygen. The license to operate the Inca Trail is renewed at the beginning of each year. Due to legal problems the Government has found it hard to withdraw licenses from poor performing companies and every tour operator that has satisfied the basic requirements has so far been given a license. Legislation is likely to be introduced later in 2008 to give more power to the Ministry of Tourism and allow them to fine, suspend or close badly performing companies. A comprehensive list of licensed Inca Trail tour operators can be found by clicking here.
Source: http://www.machupicchu.gob.pe/

INCA TRAIL WEATHER
Weather along the Inca Trail

Climate can basically be divided into two seasons,

The dry season (April to October)
Normally between April and October, with generally sunny days, warm evenings and often very cold nights. This is the dry season with little chance of rain. During the day you can expect blue skies pretty much of the time. Since we are close to the equator and very high up, the sun can be very strong so always bring sun protection cream, a hat and sunglasses. It is comfortable to trek in shorts and t-shirt. However when the sun goes in it can get cold very quickly so always have a warm sweater, fleece and long pants close at hand you also need a good 4-season sleeping bag at night and a warm jacket, woolly hat and scarf.

The scenery can be fairly dry and brown during this period with not much activity in the fields apart from gathering in the harvest and drying it. This is a time for the people in the village to relax and enjoy some of the many festivals. The recommendation is to book hotel rooms / flights, etc well in advance.
September & November; some years the rains can start as early as September. However usually we just get a couple of heavy showers each week and the rest of the time it is sunny or overcast. The rain just lasts for a couple of hours and dries up pretty quick. A plastic rain poncho is recommended. The nights are milder and a 3-season sleeping bag is usually sufficient on the Inca Trail.

The rainy season (from December to March)
The rainy season usually starts around mid-November and can last until the end of March. January and February are at the height of the wet season. During these months you can expect rain on 2 out of the 4 days of the Inca Trail. Although downpours can be heavy during this period they rarely last for more than a few hours and then the sun comes out. Being in the Southern Hemisphere this is also the summer in Peru. The sun can be very strong and soon dries up the rain. The nights are fairly mild. Bring good waterproof clothing, pack your sleeping bag within several plastic bags, and bring sun protection cream and a good hat.
The Inca Trail is closed in February for maintenance; so this month is not available.

Temperature and Environment along the Inca Trail
Depending on altitude and time of day, temperatures fluctuate between 10ºC (50ºF) to 22ºC (71ºF) in Cusco and 2ºC (35ºF) to 20ºC (68ºF) along the Inca Trail.

The climate is relatively mild all year- round, with heavy rains from November to March, and dry and hot weather from April to October, which is a recommendable time to visit. The annual minimal temperature runs from 8° to 11.2°C. In the months of June, July and August the temperature can often fall below zero.
The annual maximum temperature varies from 20.4° to 26.6°C. The terrain is fairly jagged, with many gullies and streams fed by glaciers which eventually pour into the Urubamba river, which crosses the area forming a deep valley which runs through the granite base of Vilcabamba for more than 40 Km through a variety of eco-systems.
Be prepared for a wide range of temperatures, from sunny and warm during the day to freezing nights. During rainy season you’ll find some blocked roads particularly when trying to visit off the beaten track towns.

Cusco & Inca Trail

Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec
Avg. High 66 67 68 66 70 68 66 68 70 72 72 68
Avg.Low 46 47 44 42 36 32 30 32 40 44 46 46
Rainfall (Inches) 6 4 4 2 0.5 0.5 0.5 0.5 1 2 3 4

What is the best time to do the Inca Trail?
The high season in Cusco to the Inca Trail is between June and September with July and August being the busiest months. This is because this is the dry season in the Peruvian Andes and Amazon and also because this period coincides with summer holidays in Europe and North America, Canada etc. However since Peru is in the Southern Hemisphere it is also our Winter so the nights can be cold in the Cusco region, often falling to freezing in July and August.

INCAN SITES VISITED ON THE INCA TRAILl
• Archaeological sites visited along the Inca Trail

Information about the archaeological sites visited in the Inca Trail

Llaqtapata
“Terrace Town”. This settlement was taken over from pre-Inca people and expanded by the Incas, almost certainly as a center of food production for supplying the Inca Trail sites and Machu Picchu itself. Though well planned and constructed, most of the architecture is utilitarian and repetitive in style.

Runkuracay
A small site about halfway up the climb to the second pass, it overlooks the Pacamayo valley with a superb view back to the first pass, Warmiwañusca. It was probably built as a lookout point for watching the highway, and perhaps also as a tambo a traveler’s lodging and temporary storehouse.

Sayaqmarca
“Inaccessible Town” in Quechua — and the site fits its name. Built on a narrow spur jutting westward below the second pass, it commands a sweeping vista of the Aobamba valley and the route ahead all the way to the third pass, while in clear weather the snow peaks of the Pumasillo massif fill the horizon to the west

Phuyupatamarca
This “Cloud level Town” stands where the trail crosses from south to north of the long ridge leading to Machu Picchu. It is overlooked by flat-topped peaks whose Inca platforms were built for viewing a breathtaking panorama of snow peaks.

Intipata
“Sun Terraces”. This is a mainly agricultural complex with a small residential sector, probably built to supplement the food supply to Machu Picchu.

Wiñay Wayna
“Forever Young”- the name of a perennially flowering orchid formerly abundant in this area. An imposing curved wall culminates in a temple whose doorway faces the snow peak of Wakay Willka (Verónica). With its chain of ceremonial baths, its intricate maze of houses, temples and workshops, its towering waterfall, and the serene sculpture of its terracing, nothing can compare with the intimate magic of this Inca settlement.

Intipunku, Gateway of the Sun
The Gate of the Sun”, the last site on the Trail overlooking Machu Picchu; the Intipunku, meaning ‘Gateway of the Sun’, is the entrance to Machu Picchu along the Inca Trail and offers an outstanding view of Machu Picchu and the sacred mountain of Wayna Picchu. The site, featuring stone buildings and steep stone stairways, would have been the official gateway or checkpoint for people arriving and departing the citadel.

Arriving here at any time is magical, but to reach this point before the crowds or before sunrise to watch the Inca city reveal itself from beneath the shroud of mist is a simply sublime experience.

INCA TRAIL FOOD MENU( YOU WILL NEVER BE HUNGRY!!!) (CLICK HERE TO SEE PICTURES OF FOOD)
• Inca Trail menu

You’ll be surprised of the excellent high-energy meals served during the Inca Trail; this does not mean you should eat voraciously. Trekking at this altitude is very tricky and can affect your body in many ways, including your digestive system.

Most of the organized tours include the services of porters and a cook, just like luxury camping, with a cooking tent, dining tent, tea in the morning delivered to your tent doors, hot water to wash each afternoon, and delicious meals served three times per day and they definitely exceeded my expectations every day.
Sample menu on the Inca Trail

Day 1:
Breakfast: Fruit salad, bread, yogurt and hot drinks.
Snack: Banana, cookies and biscuits.
Lunch: Asparagus soup with bread, Spaghetti with a mushroom or tomato sauce with cheese and avocado.
Snack: Popcorn, crackers and hot drinks.
Dinner: Vegetable soup with bread, Fish roll with vegetables, rice, French fries and sauce, Porridge and hot drinks.

Day 2:
Breakfast: Toasted bread, pancakes, porridge and hot drinks.
Snack: Apples, cereal and biscuits
Lunch: Corn soup and garlic bread, Yucca (a type of potato) with mixed vegetables, chopped beef and fried rice
Snack: Fried wanton with or without banana, pop corn, biscuits, sweets and hot drinks
Dinner: Tomato soup with garlic bread, Fried chicken with noodles or pasta, peppers and mashed potato, Warm wine, chocolate pudding and hot drinks

Day 3:
Breakfast: Omelet, fried banana, toasted bread and chocolates
Snack: Oranges, chocolate and biscuits
Lunch: Noodle soup with garlic bread, Chicken burger, steak and onions, tortilla, and fried rice
Snack: Fried sweet potato, wanton stuffed with cheese, pop corn and hot drinks
Dinner: Vegetable soup and garlic bread, Lasagna, beans, fried beef with mixed vegetables and rice, Jelly with or without peaches

Day 4:
Breakfast: Cake, toasted bread and creamed beans
Snack: Fruit juice, sandwich and biscuits
NOTE: This is only a sample menu for your Inca Trail hike. Exact food selections subject to change

VEGETARIAN OPTION ARE AVAILABLE WITHOUT ANY EXTRA COST

INCA TRAIL CAMPING EQUIPMENT (SEE SOME PICTURES BY CLICKING HERE)

HOW TO BOOK INCA TRAIL
Instructions to Book Online (Reservations) Choose a date

First step: Check the Availability
Ensure that you are making the reservation plenty of time in advance. Check that there are still spaces available in our group and book as far ahead as possible since our trek departures dates are offered on a first-come-first-served basis. Check that your passport is valid for at least 6 months after the date that you enter Peru. If you do not have a valid passport or plan to renew your passport before coming to Peru please see our Frequently Asked Questions and Booking & Conditions page for more details.
Choose your preferred date or join us to any of fixed departure date (We need 02 people to open a new departure date) and please note we will never pass you onto another operator as most travel agencies do here. (they share transportation, Food, Guide, Cook and porters) to minimize costs that’s why many charge less than us. because they are thinking to share with other companies. But Quechuas Expeditions organize the trip even the group is of 02 ppl.
We require all Personal information as well as a Non-refundable US$200 to ensure your Inca Trail permits and porters permits as well as Inca Trail and Machupicchu entrance fees.

IMPORTANT NOTE: We have received feedback from many clients saying that our confirmation emails are often directed to their spam folder rather than their inbox. To ensure that you receive our reply, please modify your Junk or Spam filter settings to allow the incoming info@quechuasexpeditions.com email address. You may also want to add this email address to your list of known contacts.
First check the Inca Trail availability to ensure we have a confirmed date for your departures please click to:

QUECHUAS EXPEDITIONS INCA TRAIL TOUR OPERATOR
CHECK REAL-TIME INCA TRAIL PERMITS OFFICIAL AVAILABILITY 2015-16 Book Now

Second step: Check your Personal Information and BOOK
Fill in our Inca Trail booking form(See the Attached File). Please do not make a reservation until you have all the details below. We cannot accept a booking without all the names, nationalities, passport numbers and ages:

The following client information is requested for any Inca Trail booking:

• Complete names and surnames (as in your passport appears)
• Passport Nationality
• Passport number
• Date of Birth
• Gender

IMPORTANT NOTE: The exact information provided by you will be submitted to the Government Institution (INC) in charge of regulating the access to the Inca Trail and will be included in the official permit to enter the Inca Trail on the requested date. Should there be any change in the above-mentioned data (ie. New passport number), we kindly request you to inform toy your Travel Consultant via e-mail as soon as possible. The government reserves the right not to allow the entry to any visitor whose data are not the exact ones as those in the official permit. Quechuas Expeditions Tours excludes any responsibility for a no entry in case the passenger information has changed without prior notice to us.

Third step: Trek deposit
To secure the Inca Trail Reservation with us, the client must deposit US$200 . Please note that the program deposit is non-refundable. Without a down payment your Inca Trail Trek is not confirmed.

Payment can either be made by Bank Transfer or Western Union(the fastest and safest method of Payment in Peru).
Please, note: Paypal doesn’t allow us to have an account in peru.  We are Local Tour operators and we dont have ant Foreign Account.

Fourth step: Confirmation Travel Invoice
We will send you a Travel Invoice of the trek and deposit (with the signing of our Travel Consultant), when we receive all requirements above. You have to print this document to show in our office in Cusco.

Fifth Step: Come to Cusco and pay the remaining trek balance in Cash
You can pay the balance of the trek at our offices in Cusco (minimum of 2 days before trek departure, before 10:00am). Payment can be made in cash US$, local currency (Peruvian Nuevo Soles) or American Express Travel Checks (+ 5% commission charged). You can withdraw cash in either US$ or Peruvian Sole from one of the many ATM machines in Cusco (Visa, MasterCard, etc). Prior to departing for Peru it is advisable to inform your bank that you are coming to Peru, so that you do not experience any problems with your credit/bank cards whilst abroad. Remember that the limit that you can withdraw each day in Peru may be less than your normal limit at home.

HOTEL AFTER INCA TRAIL

Recommended Hotels Aguas Calientes
• Presidente
• Pequeña Casita
• La Cabaña
• Inti Punku
• Andina Luxury
• El Mapi

Recommended Hotels Cusco
• Cusco Plaza II
• Garcilaso
• San Agustin Internacional
• Eco Inn Cusco
• Jose Antonio Cusco
• San Agustin Dorado
Campsites on the Inca Trail

ABOUT CAMPSITES ON THE INCA TRAIL
Please note that we are not in control of the campsites we are issued with from the Institute of National Culture. In general your campsite allocation is dependent on how early you book, or rather, how many permits are left. The first 250 spaces are generally given to Wiñay Wayna (3rd campsite) and thereafter you will have a longer walk to Machu Picchu on the last day and it could mean you do not make it for sunrise. Do not let this disappoint you as Machu Picchu is marvelous in itself!

LAST MINUTES BOOKING
Late bookings are often with Phuyupatamarca camp 4-5 hrs from Machu Picchu so book early, make your Inca Trail reservations (6-5 months) in advance up to a year if you’re going during peak season. You can only visit with a licensed agency, and spots book up quickly.
Best Camping Sites
Our 2 first campsites Wayllabamba and Pacaymayu are the best campsites from the entire Inca Trail trek, (not crowded and very tranquil sites)

The 3rd night camping is in Wiñaywayna campsite 95% of our groups achieve to this campsite, which is only 2 hours near Machu Picchu.

INCA TRAIL ALTITUDES
• Inca Trail Altitudes

The Inca Trail begins on a zone called “Quechua”: This zone is between 2300 – 3500 m (7,500-11,500 ft) and its weather is temperate and dry with temperatures that range from 0 -21C (32 -70F). The rainy season is from December to March. The rest of the year is dry or even parched from May through September. This region is widely cultivated and essentially, there are no natural plants left.

Above Wayllabamba, there’s the zone called “Suni” or “Jalca”: This is the zone between 3500 – 4000 m (11,500 – 13,000 ft). There is still some agriculture possible at this altitude. Above that lies the “Puna” which is a zone from 4000 – 4800 m (13,000 – 15,750 ft). Its weather is very cold with frequent frost. It is mostly grassland with a type of grass called “Ichu” and the area is used for the Llamas and Alpacas.

Going down from the “Puna” through the “Suni” is the “Yunga Fluvial”: which are inter-Andean valleys on the east of the Andes between 1000 – 2300 m (7,500 – 3,300 ft). These valleys have a moderate, moist climate and abundant vegetation.

Heights
Cusco City: 3,360 m.a.s.l.
Machu Picchu: 2,400 m.a.s.l.
Urubamba Valley: 2,850 m.a.s.l.
Inca Trail highest point: 4,200 m.a.s.l.

Kilometers Altitudes Places on the Inca Trail (By Quechuas Expeditions)

KILOMETERS ALTITUDES PLACES
Meters Feets
3,250 10,660 Cusco
0 2,850 9,350 Km. 82 (Piscacucho)
3 2,750 9,022 Llaqtapata
10 3,100 10,170 Wayllabamba
20 4,200 13,775 Warmiwanusqa
24 3,924 12,870 Runkurakay
28 3,725 12.220 Sayaqmarka
32 3,580 11,740 Phuyupatamarka
39 2,650 8,690 Winay Wayna
45 2,430 7,970 Machu Picchu

INCA TRAIL MAP

INCA TRAIL PRE-DEPARTURE BRIEFING
• Briefing before the Inca Trail

Pre-departure briefing;
One or two days before departure our representative in Cusco will contact the clients in their hotels, where you will meet with your guide, he’ll provide information and answer any questions they might have about their Inca trail program. We must be informed in which hotels the clients are staying and the date of their arrival.

Where you will meet with your group and guide, here you will be given any rental equipment such as sleeping bags and duffle bags if you have requested extra porter the actual time of your briefing (6 or 7pm) will be confirmed at your check-in at the office 2 days prior to the trek.
If you do not have an operator in Cusco our office can take care of the reconfirmation of any domestic flights to Lima or other cities. Please ask for further information when you make your reservation.

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